Ok, just a lil' old No World Wars map for 2010. With an Austria-Hungary not eaten by Germany, for a change.
Technology is roughly OTL, lack of cold war and world war investment in research being compensated by larger capitalist world, no huge arms money sink, and more talented people among the living. It's a bit more advanced in some fields (biotech, synthetics and material science) somewhat behind in others (computer networking, aerospace).
There have been no world wars, but various regional conflicts: the Arab revolt and Egyptian-Turkish war, the Anglo-Brazilian war, various Russian and Japanese "interventions" in China (or Iran), the Congo Conflict, the Russian civil war and the German-Austrian invasion...the spread of atomic weapons in recent decades means that the only current conflicts of note tend to one between dirt-poor countries.
There is a certain level of international tension, and some nations (Russians and Germans and Austrians, for instance) just don't like eachother, but in this era of nuclear munitions certain Appearances Must be Kept Up, and a careful live-and-let-live attitude is projected.
Art and culture tend to be a bit florid, even overripe and decadent: there has been a cycle of return to severe "classicism" and Victorian probity, but the pendulum has swung the other way again, and, say, Germans are probably even kinkier than OTL. Clothes are at once more formal and more colorful than in our world, and dueling - with rubber bullets - has undergone a revival in Latin America.
The US is leftier and more working-class than OTL, considers the Carribbean and Latin America north of Brazil its balliwick, and is having some trouble still adjusting to voting rights acts and the end of segregation, which came a generation later than OTL: the US black population is 1970s-radical, and sometimes rather alarmingly organized.
Russian elites, after losing another Czar, decided to go with the "turn up the repression to 11" strategy of dealing with mass discontent. This worked alright for a while, until the Panic of '36 and a bad harvest year combined to send things flying into the windmill. The Germans and Austrians intervened, supposedly to restore order, but ended stumbling across People Yearning to Breathe Free, or at least Breathe German Air, on the way. (Or so they claim. The Russians, after a lengty period of coups and instability, are now under a republic, admittedly a rather belligerent and nationalist one, and remain pissed at the Germans)
Germany, after a shaky little patch in which Kaiser and the Right tried some skeevy manuevers to halt the ascent of Socialism, has evolved into a proper Social Democracy, dumped most of its colonial interests, and let gay people marry. It was lefty for long enough that a swing to the Right has begun in the last two decades, although it remains quite democratic. Austria-Hungary, which after Sarajevo never happened managed to luck into a more workable federalism, has expanded a bit: it mostly holds together because outright independence would be more trouble than its worth (especially with the Russians next door), and Bohemia and Poland are pretty much effectively independent.
Britain and France, with greater or lesser success, have tried to turn their empires into more democratic arrangements: the British failed with India, although at least their more gradual exit allowed the formation of a loose federation of the Hundu and Muslim areas of India, which has generally made life rather easier.
India is rather richer than China, which thanks to Japanese and Russian meddling did not unify effectively till the 1970s, and suffers from a chip on its shoulder and a xenophobic attitude which has made integration with the global economy more difficult than it should be. Korea has achieved a sort of Home Rule status within the Japanese Empire more successfully than the Irish effort in the British (which turned rather civil-war-ish) and most Japanese, who are so over that Samurai crap, sighed with relief.
The Wretched of the Earth still suffer wretchness: Africa is richer and more stable than OTL, but life remains no bowl of cherries for an inhabitant of independent Mozambique or Equatoria. The Age of Colonialism largely came to an end in the 80s and 90s, but Europeans remain convinced of the superiority of their civilization and culture, although nowadays talking about racial superiority is gauche. For those willing to cooperate, there is aid: for those who won't take it on given terms, there is the outer darkness for such ungrateful people.
A number of ex-colonies, led by India, have formed a mutual aid-marching-and chowder society known as the Alliance of the South, and in the period after the collapse of the "independent" puppet regime put in place by the French and Belgians, fought a proxy war in the Congo in which Algerian and Indian "volunteers" played major parts.
Another response is revolution. There have been no Marxist great successes in this TL (The Kingdom of Italy was led for a while by a far-left coalition in the late 60s, but somehow they failed to bring on the Millenium), and the Left has fragmented into many squabbling cults. Still, people continue to develop new frameworks to explain their plight and to justify revolt: in Latin America, the Leftist but Highly Catholic Armies of the People, with their anti-elites, pro-redistribution ideas and claims of being On a Mission From God have sprouted up like mushrooms as Latin American societies have become increasingly economically unequal in a period of growth which has mainly benefitted the already well-off.
Progess is expected by everyone, no matter how unevenly distributed it might be...